Humans and their environment directly affect each other. Especially in Nakuru, the interaction between the people and their environment is significantly high as the boundaries between wild and urban life are blurred. Being one of Kenya's most beautiful attractions, Lake Nakuru and its National Park are surrounded by highly densified urban life.

Lake Nakuru is designated, under the Ramsar Convention, as a wetland of international importance. Its striking scenic beauty as well as its rich and diverse wildlife makes it a popular tourist destination that generates important revenues for institutions as well as the local economy and Nakuru’s residents. It is commonly described as the lake with a pink shoreline due to the hundreds of thousands of pink flamingos that feed on the algae blooms in the shallow lake waters for extended periods of time.

The lake shares its watershed with Nakuru, Kenya's third largest town. At current rates the population of the town is estimated to grow from the present 500,000 to over 1,000,000 within the next 20 years. The biodiversity of Lake Nakuru National Park is under threat from solid waste, waste water pollution, urban encroachment, farm runoff, and siltation. If the threats are not actively managed, the lake and the national park will lose their unique ecosystem.

Within this environmentally sensitive zone, the urban life that has rapidly grown in the past and has the tendency to grow further, has led to a significantly negative impact on the surrounding wildlife. The conservation of the beauty of the natural park with its rich biodiversity will have a strong positive impact on the people of Nakuru. Biodiversity conservation and environmental protection going hand in hand with improved water, wastewater, and solid waste management will not only contribute to the protection of wildlife, but also directly improve the living conditions of Nakuru’s people. The main target of the present project is to create the best harmony between Nakuru’s people and their environment through community involvement and development, that will be physically supported by investing in sustainable sanitation infrastructure. We aim at the involvement of all stakeholders who feel responsible to contribute to the development of a clean and well-planned town in an environmentally friendly surrounding in which the people do not only contribute to environmental protection, but also benefit from it.

Our mission is to improve the environment and enhance the quality of life for Nakuru’s people through capacity building in order for the community to assess and resolve environmental problems, and achieve measurable and sustainable improvements for the residents.

In view of these challenges, the Rift Valley Water Services Board (RVWSB), Kenya Wildlife Services (KWS) and KfW Development Bank (KfW) have agreed to undertake a comprehensive project approach in order to promote environmental sustainability within Lake Nakuru National Park, Nakuru Town, and its surroundings.

Through grant financing from the KfW, the “Nakuru Town Development and Biodiversity Conservation Project” was initiated with consultancy services for a feasibility study being provided by Consulting Engineers Salzgitter GmbH (CES), AHT Group AG (AHT) and Mangat I.B. Patel Ltd (MIBP).


“The overall project objective is to maintain and/or restore conditions for the co-existence of the biodiversity and urban development

The purpose of the study is therefore:

  • To get a better understanding of the complexity of the problems and magnitude of threats

  • To resolve the complexity of the problems so that they can be managed

  • To develop a concept and explore suitable options to maintain and improve the biodiversity of LNNP and promote environmental sustainability within Lake Nakuru National Park and Nakuru Town

  • To design investment packages and accompanying measures suitable for the improvement of the situation.

Nakuru's People

Nakuru's Environment

Study Area

Main Motto


Things Happen.