Triggered by accelerated generation of solid waste caused by population growth, urbanization, industrialization the problem of Solid Waste Management (SWM) became from year to year more acute for Nakuru County. There are several reasons that sharpen the situation, among them are an acceptance of the existing status of SWM by official authorities, an ignorance of health risks caused by actual solid waste disposal methods and lack of financial resources for improving the current situation.
The way to manage the solid waste in Nakuru is mainly by open dump site system. Most of the collected waste is transported to Gioto dumpsite on the north of Nakuru town. There are also small informal dumpsites in the town.
The main manner of solid waste disposal in the county is an open dumping site without any respect and control to environmental and healthcare regulations. Often to reduce the amount of generated waste in the county a burning practice takes place. All these activities lead to such negative consequences like groundwater and air pollution, constant increase of amount of scavenger’s families, spread of diseases through boost of fly, rat and other domestic and wild animal populations. It is clear that without improving of SWM any kind of other activities will be useless.
The most appropriate method of solid waste disposal in developing countries like Kenya is a sanitary landfilling. It allows a controlling of leachate and landfilling gas generation and through a regularly covering of the waste promotes a preventing of scavenger activities within the landfill body and a growth of biological population as well.